If you need some helpful tips on how to keep your Refrigerator maintained, then please take a quick look through this post which will ensure you get the most of your appliance and that you can have it in perfect working condition for years to come.
Your refrigerator is probably the largest electrical appliance in your home. It also consumes the maximum electricity. A good refrigerator is built to last from 14 to 17 years on an average. However, this depends on how carefully you use it and perform preventive maintenance regularly. It is possible that your refrigerator may develop some fault and if it is not a major one, you can troubleshoot and repair it yourself. Here are some of these common faults that may occur in your refrigerator that you can fix yourself.
1. Leaky door seals.
One of the most common problems that may lead your refrigerator not to cool properly may be related the door sealing gasket. If your refrigerator has a loose or broken gasket than cool air will seep out of the unit and the interior temperature will not be maintained. This will result in overworking of the compressor and may lead to its failure. It is easy to test if the gasket is providing the necessary seal or not. Pick up a dollar bill and close the refrigerator door with half of it in and other half out. Now try to pull the dollar bill.
If it easily comes out then you have a failed gasket. Clean the gasket by using a toothbrush with baking soda and water. Make sure the surface of the gasket where it presses against the body of the refrigerator is clean and smooth. Perform the dollar bill test again. If it fails then the gasket needs to be replaced. If you are a handyman get a replacement gasket and replace it yourself, otherwise call a repairman.
2. Clean the condenser coils
The condenser coils of your refrigerator are normally located at the back in some cases they may be under the unit. Since these coils are the main heat exchangers they must be cleaned from all sorts of dust and grime. Dirty condenser coils mean less cooling and more load on the compressor. To clean the condenser coils, turn off power, and locate the coils by reading the manual. Clean them with a soft brush. You may use a vacuum cleaner or a canned air spray. This should improve cooling and reduce overheating of the compressor.
3. Change the water filter
If your refrigerator has an ice maker or a water dispenser, then it is important to replace the water filter regularly. Check the manual, normally the filter needs to be replaced every 6 months.
4. Check for refrigerator level
One of the reasons the door may not close properly is if your refrigerator is not perfectly leveled with the floor. Use a carpenter’s level to check it and level it by turning the leveling screws of the feet on each bottom side of the refrigerator. Once the refrigerator is leveled the door will swing easily and correctly.
5. Manual defrosting
If your refrigerator is not frost-free, then you need to manually defrost it every six months or if the ice on the freezer walls becomes greater than ½ inch thick. To defrost; remove all food the refrigerator, turn off power, leave the doors open until all ice has melted. Dry it, turn it on, let it cool, and restock with food items.
6. Replacing evaporator fan and condenser fan
If your refrigerator is not cooling it is possible that the evaporator fan has jammed or failed. Another possibility is the condenser fan has failed. If you are a handyman then you can replace one or both of these fan units yourself. However, it is better to seek a repairman to fix these issues.
7. Bad compressor or loss of refrigerant
If the refrigerator is not operating at all or the compressor is running but there is no cooling, then it is likely that either the compressor is faulty or the gas has leaked from the cooling circuit. Both of these are serious maintenance problems and can only be managed by a qualified repair technician.
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Finally, it would also be greatly appreciated by the community if you can share your own personal tips of maintaining your refrigerator by leaving a comment in the comment box below – So that others in the community can learn also!